The engineer is taken through the rationale for compact piping between fixed a group of static equipment, material selection for the operating medium and the plant location environment.The engineer is taken through the identification and quantification of loads associated with the movement of fluid through pipes as additional to operating conditions. Once the economic piping routes are established, the engineer is taken through the basis for the introduction of structural flexibility and strength through the design considerations of expansion loop and bellows design requirements alongside pipe supports selection and design. The training process then looks at the integrity of the fixed and static plant equipment and intermediate anchors to inform civil/structures of hold down forces. How to compile a stress sketch and report on the plant fro the perspective of the piping engineer. Of course, no piping design is complete without the assessment of the welds and flanges that are necessary to construct the connected fixed equipment, consequently, the engineer is finally taken through welding and flange design to complete a holistic piping design.